The United States Mint recently provided the design candidates for the reverse of the 2014 Native American Dollar to various groups who are tasked with reviewing the designs and offering their recommendations. As in the past, I wanted to provide Mint News Blog readers with their own opportunity to vote on their preferred design for the upcoming coin.
The Native American $1 Coin Program features a different reverse design annually, honoring Native Americans and the important contributions made by tribes and individuals to the development and history of the United States. The authorizing legislation provides that the Secretary of the Treasury is to consult with numerous groups before selecting the reverse design for each year. These groups include the Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate, the Congressional Native American Caucus of the House of Representatives, the Commission of Fine Arts, the National Congress of American Indians, and the Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee. The large number of groups involved has resulted in fairly large number of recommendations for the Treasury Secretary to consider for the upcoming coin.
The theme for the 2013 Native American Dollar design is the Native American hospitality which helped to ensure the success of the Lewis and Clark expedition. The United States Mint provided seven different reverse design candidates. Five of these designs were recommended by the various groups, with no single design recommended by more than one group.
The National Congress of the American Indian (NCAI) had expressed their preference for both Design 1 and Design 2, although modifications were suggested for each. Design #1 commemorates the relationship between the Nez Perce and Lewis and Clark through the offer of horses. The NCAI recommended that the link between the horses ears be corrected.
Design #2 shows the friendship and mutual respect that developed between Meriwether Lewis and the Mandan Chief. The NCAI recommended that the pipe should be removed based on its relation to ceremonial and religious use.
The Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee recommended Design 3, which depicts a Native American man offering a pipe and his wife offering provisions, with a stylized image of William Clark’s compass indicating northwest.
The Senate Committee on Indian Affairs had expressed their preference for Design 5, depicting a Mandan woman offering provisions of fish, corn, roots, and gourds with her village in the background.
The Commission of Fine Arts recommended Design 6, which features a depiction of Chief Cameahwait warning Lewis of the unpassable river route through the mountains and instead recommending a land route further north.
The two remaining designs, which went unrecommended, are shown above. Design 4 is a variation on Design 5, which includes a different arrangement of the elements and Clark’s compass in the background. Design 8 depicts Sacagawea carrying a basket of corn to barter for items belonging to the expedition. Lewis and Clark are in the background surveying and scouting int he western direction as indicated by a compass.
Note: There was no Design 7, so the numbering includes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8.
Readers can vote on their own favorite design below. All seven different candidates are included.