To follow the previous post on upcoming commemorative coin programs, this post will take a look at the approved and proposed Congressional Gold Medals.
The Congressional Gold Medal is an award bestowed by Congress to persons who have performed an achievement that has an impact on American history and culture that is likely to be recognized as a major achievement in the recipient’s field long after the achievement. American citizenship is not a requirement, so the medals are sometimes awarded to foreign citizens.
The United States Mint is responsible for designing and minting the approved gold medals. After they are awarded the Mint typically will make bronze versions bearing the same design available for sale to the public.
In the 113th Congress, there have been thirty different proposals for the award of the Congressional Gold Medal. At the time of this post, four of the medals have been approved and another four await the President’s signature to become law.
Included below is a summary of the enacted bills, bills which have passed in one or more chambers of Congress, and bills which have been introduced and await further action.
Doolittle Tokyo Raiders
Public Law 113-106 enacted May 23, 2014
To award to the World War II members of the
Doolittle Tokyo Raiders, for outstanding heroism, valor, skill, and service to the United States in conducting the bombings of Tokyo.
American Fighter Aces
Public Law 113-105 enacted May 23, 2014
To award collectively to the American Fighter Aces in recognition of their heroic military service and defense of our country’s freedom throughout the history of aviation warfare.
First Special Services Force
Public Law 113-16 enacted July 12, 2013
To award collectively to the First Special Service Force, in recognition of its superior service during World War II.
Design candidates for the medal were reviewed by the Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee and Commission of Fine Acts earlier this year. The images of the design candidates and recommendations can be found here.
Sixteenth Street Baptist Church
Public Law 113-11 enacted May 24, 2013
To award posthumously to Addie Mae Collins, Denise McNair, Carole Robertson, and Cynthia Wesley to commemorate the lives they lost 50 years ago in the bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, where these 4 little Black girls’ ultimate sacrifice served as a catalyst for the Civil Rights Movement.
The medal was awarded on September 10, 2013 when the United States Mint also made bronze duplicate versions available for sale. Coverage of the medal release was provided in this previous post.
Passed in both House and Senate
Civil Air Patrol
S. 309 passed Senate on May 20, 2013, passed House May 19, 2014
H.R. 755 introduced February 15, 2013
To award to the World War II members of the Civil Air Patrol.
H.R. 2939 passed House May 19, 2014, passed Senate May 20, 2014
S. 1456 passed Senate March 13, 2014
To award to to Shimon Peres, a Polish-born Israeli statesman.
H.R. 3658 passed House on May 15, 2014, passed Senate on May 20, 2014
S. 1862 introduced December 19, 2013
To award to the Monuments Men in recognition of their heroic role in the preservation, protection, and restitution of monuments, works of art, and artifacts of cultural importance during and following World War II.
65th Infantry Regiment
H.R. 1726 passed House May 19, 2014, passed Senate May 22, 2014
S. 1174 introduced June 18, 2013
To award to the 65th Infantry Regiment, known as the Borinqueneers, a Puerto Rican regiment of the United States Army.
Passed in one Chamber
H.R. 2203 passed in House May 19, 2014
S. 1040 introduced May 23, 2013
To award to Jack Nicklaus in recognition of his service to the Nation in promoting excellence, good sportsmanship, and philanthropy.
U.S. Air Forces Escape and Evasion Society
H.R. 4693 introduced May 20, 2014
To award to to the U.S. Air Forces Escape and Evasion Society, in recognition of the ceaseless efforts of American aircrew members to escape captivity and evade capture by the enemy forces in occupied countries during our foreign wars, and the brave resistance organizations and patriotic nationals of those foreign countries who assisted them.
James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner
H.R. 4409 introduced April 4, 2014
To award collectively to James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner to commemorate the lives they lost 50 years ago in an effort to bring justice and equality to Americans in Mississippi during Freedom Summer.
First Rhode Island Regiment
H.R. 4045 introduced February 11, 2014
To award to the First Rhode Island Regiment, regarded as the first African American military regiment, in recognition of their dedicated service during the Revolutionary War.
H.R. 4041 introduced February 11, 2014
To award to the Freedom Riders, collectively, in recognition of their unique contribution to Civil Rights, which inspired a revolutionary movement for equality in interstate travel.
S. 1910 introduced January 9, 2014
H.R. 3836 introduced January 9, 2014
To award to Pat Summitt in recognition of her remarkable career as an unparalleled figure in women’s team sports, and for her courage in speaking out openly and courageously about her battle with Alzheimer’s.
H.R. 3655 introduced December 4, 2013
To award to Simeon Booker in recognition of his achievements in the field of journalism, including reporting during the Civil Rights movement, as well as social and political commentary.
Office of Strategic Services
H.R. 3544 introduced November 20, 2013
To award collectively to the members of the Office of Strategic Services in recognition of their superior service and contributions during World War II.
Dr. R. Adams Cowley
S. 1345 introduced July 23, 2013
H.R. 2782 introduced July 22, 2013
To award posthumously to Dr. R. Adams Cowley in recognition of his lifelong commitment to the advancement of trauma care.
H.R. 3186 introduced July 9, 2013
To award to Hank Aaron, in recognition of his contributions to the national pastime of baseball and his perseverance in overcoming discrimination and adversity to become a role model for all Americans.
Sally K. Ride
H.R. 2422 introduced June 18, 2013
To award to Sally K. Ridge, the first American women to travel into space, in recognition of her exemplary service as an astronaut, physicist, and science education advocate.
Rabbi Arthur Schneier
H.R. 2387 introduced June 14, 2013
To award to Rabbi Arthur Schneier in recognition of his pioneering role in promoting religious freedom and human rights throughout the world, for close to half a century.
Constance Baker Motley
S.1150 introduced June 12, 2013
H.R. 3097 introduced September 12, 2013
To award posthumously to Constance Baker Motley, African American civil rights activist, lawyer, judge, state senator, and Burough President of Manhattan.
Father Mychal Judge, O.F.M.
H.R. 1224 introduced March 15, 2013
To award posthumously to Father Mychal Judge, O.F.M., beloved Chaplain of the Fire Department of New York who passed away as the first recorded victim of the September 11, 2001, attacks in recognition of his example to the Nation of selfless dedication to duty and compassion for one’s fellow citizens.
Glen Doherty and Tyrone Woods
S. 1587 introduced October 28, 2013
H.R. 1186 introduced March 14, 2013
To award posthumously to each Glen Doherty and Tyrone Woods in recognition of their contributions to the Nation.
H.R. 1084 introduced March 12, 2013
To award to Muhammad Ali in recognition of his contributions to the Nation.
S. 457 introduced March 5, 2013
H.R. 874 introduced February 27, 2013
To award posthumously to Alice Paul in recognition of her role in the women’s sufrage movement and in advancing equal rights for women.
H.R. 852 introduced February 27, 2013
To award posthumously to Shirley Chisholm, the first African American woman elected to Congress in 1968 where she served until 1982.
Stewart Lee Udall
H.R. 750 introduced February 15, 2013
To award posthumously to Stewart Lee Udall in recognition of his contributions to the Nation as hero for the environment, a champion for conservation, a civil right activist, a Native American crusader, and an advocate for the arts.
S. 397 introduced February 27, 2013
H.R. 715 introduced February 14, 2013
To award posthumously to Lena Horne in recognition of her achievements and contributions to American culture and the civil rights movement.
Filipino Veterans of World War II
H.R. 111 introduced January 3, 2013
To award collectively to the Filipino Veterans of World War II in recognition of their dedicated service during World War II.
H.R. 60 introduced January 3, 2013
To award to Malala Yousafzai in recognition of her devoted service to education, justice, and equality in Pakistan.